Recently, Google Classroom has added the ability to evaluate tasks with rubrics. At the moment, only the teacher can evaluate, but this is already a first step.
The student can consult the rubric before submitting it and, once the teacher has evaluated it, he or she can see this evaluation in the rubric.
Even more recently, Google has added the ability to import rubrics from a spreadsheet. We can then create our bank of rubrics and import them into the task at hand. The problem is in the format that Google uses for this information. In my opinion, it is a terrible format for a heading.